TeacherDr. C. Stephenson
SemesterSpringDuration8 Weeks
FrequencyEvery three years
Credits5 ECTSWorkload125-150 Hours
Module formatIntensive
ApplicabilityThis Module seeks to inform the students of the historical basis and development of the major doctrines and theological loci. This provides a solid basis for further theological study and practical theology.
Course structureSee module and courses
Contact time35-45 HoursSelf-Study105-125 Hours
Participation requirementSee access to the program
Phase 15025%
Reading & Reflection paper
Phase 24025%
Phase 36050%
Research Paper
Content of the ModuleThis course provides a study of major Christian doctrines as understood through the writings of seminal theologians of the Church up to the eighteenth century. By placing each theologian within a historical context, this course will allow the controversies and major movements of each period to dictate the doctrines to be discussed.
This course intends to provide the student with a basic grasp of the contour and shape of doctrinal development from the early church to the eighteenth century, as viewed through the lenses of major theologians, controversies, or movements within each period.
Learning Objectives

A. General Learning Objectives
This course seeks to: 

  1. Provide a chronological and genetic development of select doctrines through the history of Christian thought up to the twentieth century
  2. Describe the philosophical and theological origins of the doctrines within the period to be studied
  3. Relate theologians on their own terms from each specific historical context and the issues comprising that context
  4. Explain the connections between various theologians and demonstrate how each thinker read previous theologians in light of their own concerns
  5. Expose students to as many primary texts as possible 

B. Specific Behavioral Objectives
As a result of the activities and study in this course, the student should be able to:

  1. Explain how certain doctrines developed through the history of the Church up to the twentieth century
  2. Identify the philosophical and theological bases for each doctrine within the period to be studied
  3. Demonstrate an awareness of the theological concerns expressed within each period studied
  4. Compare and contrast various doctrinal perspectives with attention to how later theologians appropriated earlier ones
  5. Identify and explain the basic content of primary texts covered
OutlineA. Historical Interlude I: Protestant Reformation (1517-1564)
B. Historical Interlude II: Catholic Reformation (1545-1617)
D. Historical Interlude III: Protestant Scholasticism (1564-1700)
E. Historical Interlude V: Evangelical Awakenings & Enlightenment (1700-1799)
G. THIRD DOCTRINAL LOCUS: Theological Anthropology
H. FOURTH DOCTRINAL LOCUS: Scripture, Revelation, Historicity, & Truth
ExaminationSee Evaluation
Core Literature

Gonzalez, Justo L. A History of Christian Thought: From the Protestant Reformation to the Twentieth Century. Revised edition. Vol. 3, Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1988.

Reading List:
Martin Luther, On the Freedom of Christians
John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book III, chapters 11-19
The Council of Trent on Justification
The Joint Declaration on Justification by the Lutheran World Federation and the Catholic Church, 1999
Clark Pinnock, A Theology of the Holy Spirit, chapter 5, “Spirit and Union”
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, The Cost of Discipleship (see section 31, 32 “The Saints” and “The Image of Christ.”)
Martin Luther, Commentary on Galatians
John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, I, chapters 1-8
A.A. Hodge, Outlines of Theology (1879); reprinted Eerdmans, 1948, pp. 66-69
F.D.E. Schleiermacher, The Christian Faith
Karl Barth, Church Dogmatics Vol l, Ch. 1
Emil Brunner, Truth as Encounter
Martin Buber, I/Thou
Rudolf Bultmann, Jesus Christ and Mythology
Karl Rahner, Foundations of the Christian Faith
J.I. Packer, God Has Spoken
Stanley Hauerwas, Why Narrative?
J.A. Dorner, History of the Development of the Doctrine of the Person of Christ
Frederich Schleiermacher, The Christian Faith secs. 88, 94
Karl Barth, The Humanity of God (an essay)
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Christ the Center
D.M. Baillie, God was in Christ
Jurgen Moltmann, The Crucified God
George S. Hendry, The Gospel of the Incarnation
John B. Cobb, Christ in a Pluralistic Age
Jon Sobrino, Christology at the Crossroads: A Latin American Approach
Daniel Migliore, Faith seeking Understanding (ch 9, pp 165-184)
Hodgson and King, Christian Theology: An Introduction to its Traditions and Tasks (ch 10, pp 248-273)
Karl Barth, Church Dogmatics, IV/1-3
Veli-Matti Karkkainen, Pneumatology (chs 1,3,4,5,6)
James K.A. Smith, Thinking in Tongues (chs 2,3)
Frank Macchia, Baptized in the Spirit: A Global Pentecostal Theology (chs. 4,6)

Other information